The Prevalence of Varicose Veins in Singapore
Introduction to Varicose Veins Statistics in Singapore
Varicose veins are a common condition in Singapore that requires immediate attention due to its progressive nature. Below are the varicose vein statistics in Singapore, including the populations most affected, casualties, and diagnosis and treatment facts.
According to Singapore Health, 25% of Singaporean adults suffer from varicose veins due to issues such as aging, obesity, and family genetics and history. Studies indicate that the type of occupation also affects the formation of varicose veins. People with jobs involving prolonged hours of standing and walking constitute 67% of cases of varicose veins compared to those with sitting jobs. These include hawkers, watchmen, barbers, policemen, waiters, sales people, and waiters.
Number of People Affected in SIngapore
A quarter of the Singaporean population suffers from varicose veins, but not all Singaporeans are affected equally. Women and older persons are more susceptible to the disease. For instance, about 35% of women have varicose veins in Singapore compared to 20% of men. Below is a breakdown of populations most affected by varicose veins and why.
Populations Most Affected in Singapore
1. Adults (especially older adults)
Older adults tend to develop varicose veins more frequently as their vein valves wear and tear with age. According to InformedHealth.org, 20% of all adults will get varicose veins at some point in their lives. A Vein Consult Program of over 70,000 people from various geographies (including Singapore) conducted to raise awareness of venous diseases found that the average age of respondents with varicose veins was at least 45 years.
2. Women (Particular those who are pregnant)
Women are often more susceptible to varicose veins due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause. According to the Vein Consult program survey, at least 66% of primary care patients were women. Additionally, 52.5% of women consulted for varicose, a percentage that was 2.5-3 times higher than the number of men.
3. Overweight and Obese Individuals
Obesity causes additional pressure on veins, increasing the risk of varicose veins. Singapore has registered worrying global obesity trends. A National Population Health Survey found that 10.5% of Singaporeans aged between 18 and 74 years were obese, an increase from 8.6% in 2017. Numbers indicate that children between ages 6 and 18 are also becoming obese, with the percentage of obese kids increasing from from 13% in 2017 to 16% in 2021.
4. Those with a history of blood clots or leg trauma
Disruption of any vein of lower leg due to leg traumas such as strains, sprains, joint dislocation, and fractures can lead to blood clots and varicose veins. According to a study on occupational factors that lead to lower limb varicose veins (LLVV), it was found that those with LLVV were more likely to have a history of leg trauma.
5. Individuals with family history of varicose veins
A study by the National Institute of Health (NIH) found that children whose both parents had varicose veins had a 90% chance of developing the condition. When one parent had the condition, the risk dropped to 62% for females and 25% for males. Several physicians have asserted that at least 70% of their varicose veins patients had a family history of varicose veins.
In the Vein Consult study, 42% of respondents reported a family problem of varicose veins, reticular veins, swollen legs, or venous ulcer. Read more on our informative blog post on “Varicose Veins: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments”.
Varicose Veins Casualties in Singapore
According to the National university Heart Center (NUHS), vascular diseases are a common cause of mortality and disability especially among the aging population. DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis, a progression of varicose veins that can cause serious conditions such as ulcers and disability) is common in Singapore as well. In a study by the Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, the frequency of DVT was 15.8% for every 10,000 patients, showing the need to increase awareness.
Diagnosis and Treatment Facts in Singapore
A 2021 study by Annal Singapore investigated the practices of vascular surgeons in Singapore. The study found that open surgery, venaseal (cyanoacrylate glue (CAG) ablation), and radiofrequency ablation were the most common treatment methods at 70.9%, 64.5%, and 64.5% respectively. The last two types of treatment are minimally-invasive while open surgery is used to treat conditions that aren’t suitable for minimally invasive treatments.
77% of doctors also recommended post-operative compression stockings.
Some of the factors that influence the mode of treatment include the pattern of varicose veins, ultrasound findings, and facilities available at 74.1%, 58%, and 22.5% respectively.
The most preferred form of treatment for patients with extensive varicose veins was endothermal ablation, a procedure that uses radio waves or lasers to seal varicose veins. Conservative treatment methods were recommended for patients that were at least 80 years old, with vasoactive medication preferred over compression stockings as older patients were less likely to comply.
Get Specialized Varicose Veins Treatment in Singapore
Varicose veins and their milder counterpart, spider veins, can progress to life-threatening conditions such as venous insufficiency and DVT when left untreated. When you suspect that you have varicose veins, visit a healthcare professional for assessment and treatment. Don’t let varicose veins hold you back any longer.
Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic provides world-class care to varicose vein patients and uses the latest cutting edge varicose veins diagnosis and treatment methods in Singapore to ensure minimal complications. We invite you to fill in and submit inquiry details on our Contact Us Page and our dedicated varicose veins specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja, will be there with you to begin your healthy journey today.
Am I at Risk of Varicose Veins, Spider Veins, or Deep Vein Thrombosis?
- Those who are overweight (therefore, maintain a healthy weight to reduce the pressure)
- Pregnant women
- Individuals between the ages of 40 and 80
- Those who are inactive/not exercising (even sitting or standing for long periods)
- Frequent flyers
- Those who have had surgery or leg trauma
Assessment of Varicose Veins
Clinical examination and ultrasound doppler scan are most important tools in assessment and deciding management of varicose veins. This takes about 15-20 minutes to do and is usually done in the clinic itself.
Treatment of Varicose Veins
There are various techniques available to treat varicose veins depending on clinical presentation. These include:
- Conservative medical management including compression socks
- Laser endovenous treatment (EVLT)
- Radio-frequency endovenous ablation (RFA)
- Clarivein endovenous treatment
- VenaSeal endovenous closure system
- Microwave endovenous ablation
- Open surgery
- Venous avulsions
- Cryolaser and cryosclerotherapy
What are the Advantages of Minimally Invasive Treatments?
- No major surgery
- No or minimal visible scars
- Quick recovery
- Same day admission and discharge
- Clinic based treatments
Learn more about “Spider Veins: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment”. Although they might be a cosmetic concern, they can also lead to serious health issues. You might also be interested to find out more on our blog post, “Deep Vein Thrombosis: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment” about the difference between DVT and varicose veins.
Consult a Vascular Specialist for Your Varicose Veins and Spider Veins
Dr. Manish Taneja, a certified vascular and varicose veins specialist in Singapore, has extensive experience in the treatment of all vascular interventions and looks after venous diseases like varicose veins, spider veins, and reticular veins. Come in for a further evaluation and contact us to arrange your varicose veins appointment today.
Varicose Veins Resources
Keep Varicose Veins and Spider Veins at Bay
If your legs feel sore persistently, achy when standing long periods, or maybe you notice blue or purple veins even bulging in the area, chances are these symptoms of varicose veins and spider veins could lead to other serious venous diseases such as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI), or Leg Swelling due to increased pressure forming larger blood clots over time. Varicose veins are fully treatable with minimally invasive procedures and treatments offering minimal downtime and quick recovery preventing further complications. Long term effects of untreated varicose veins can hinder your daily life and impact your health.
The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic in Singapore is here to diagnose and treat varicose veins smoothening patients’ experience to find relief and comfort. As a vascular and interventional radiology specialist based in Singapore, Dr. Manish Taneja looks after a spectrum of venous diseases, peripheral vascular malformations, and peripheral arterial disease. Dr. Manish Taneja also has extensive experience in performing all vascular interventions, non-vascular interventions and interventional oncology procedures.
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