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Thyroid Nodules

by | Sep 26, 2023

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic understands the concern and uncertainty surrounding thyroid nodules. If you’ve discovered a lump in your neck, we’re here to provide clarity and comprehensive care. Dr. Manish Taneja, our vascular expert, specializes in cutting-edge treatments for thyroid nodules, combining expertise with personalized support. 

Woman singing with a healthy throat

Introduction to Thyroid Nodules

The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland in the neck just below the voice box. Thyroid gland produces hormone that is required for our metabolism with under or over hormone secretion both causing physical problems.

Thyroid nodules are abnormal lumps (growths) within the thyroid gland. This is a very common condition seen in approximately 30% of adults. These are more commonly seen in females. There can be single or multiple thyroid nodules.

Most thyroid nodules are benign growths. They usually are non-functioning and do not affect function of the thyroid gland.

Thyroid Nodules Symptoms

Thyroid nodules do not commonly cause symptoms however, you’re likely to experience some of these symptoms when thyroid nodules begin to grow:

  • Pain from nodule bleeding or inflammation
  • Breathing and (or) swallowing difficulties
  • Hoarseness
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Heat intolerance
  • Muscle weakness

 

Prevention, Causes, and Risk Factors

Thyroid nodules are of various forms and sizes, from small non-cancerous ones, hyperthyroidism, or large cysts . Most may not be serious, but it is best to receive an evaluation to assess the severity and nature of the thyroid nodule. While exact causes are unknown, nodules can grow due to following factors:

  • Either iodine excess, deficiencies, thyroid autoimmunity

  • Thyroid conditions such as hyperthyroidism
  • Family history of thyroid nodules

Types of Thyroid Nodules

This unusual lump in or on the thyroid gland at the front of the neck are usually caused by the abnormal overgrowth of cells in the gland. Either solid or filled with fluid, there are different types of thyroid nodules:

 

  • Non cancerous Thyroid Nodules
  • Toxic Nodules (Hyperthyroidism)
  • Multinodular Goiter
  • Thyroid Cysts

Types of Thyroid Nodules and Cancer

Learn the different types of thyroid nodules and cancers and how doctors cure them. 

Thyroid Nodules Diagnosis

The main goals when assessing a thyroid nodule are to determine if it is cancerous and to check thyroid function. Normally, an ultrasound scan followed by fine needle biopsy (FNAC) is done to decide on nature of the thyroid nodules. Tests to help evaluate and diagnose a thyroid nodule may include:

Physical exam: Your doctor will assess the size and consistency of the nodule. You may need to swallow repeatedly while the provider examines your thyroid.

Thyroid function tests: A thyroid blood test checks the levels of thyroid hormones in your blood and whether your thyroid is functioning properly.

Ultrasound: A thyroid ultrasound will produce images of your thyroid gland. It will also provide more information about the shape and structure of the nodules.

Fine-needle biopsy: A very thin needle is used to remove a sample of cells from the nodules. The samples are then sent to the lab for evaluation to determine whether cancer is present.

Thyroid scan: A small amount of radioactive iodine is administered either through injection or orally. A special camera is then used to take pictures of your thyroid.

 

Treatment Options

  1. Monitor with regular ultrasound scan and biopsy if required.
  2. Surgical resection of partial or whole thyroid gland
  3. Radiofrequency ablation of thyroid nodules

One of the latest techniques introduced for treating these patients is radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of thyroid nodules. This is a minimally invasive technique that involves introducing a small special needle under ultrasound guidance into the nodule. Heat energy is applied to the nodule using this needle with destruction of cells from within. The nodules gradually shrink in size on follow-up and become a scar tissue within the normal thyroid gland.

Thyroid Nodule Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) Treatment

Radiofrequency ablation aims to give patients a non-surgical option for treating thyroid nodules. This procedure is a minimally invasive option that a surgeon can perform, should the preliminary tests determine that you would benefit from it.

The Advantages of RFA of Thyroid Nodules

The major advantages of the technique are as below.

 

  1. It is done as day surgery procedure under light sedation.
  2. It takes about 45 minutes to one hour to complete the entire procedure.
  3. Patients are discharged the same day.
  4. Normal thyroid tissue adjacent to the nodule is preserved.
  5. It does not affect thyroid function.
  6. Multiple nodules can be treated at same time.
  7. The treated nodules do not regrow again.
  8. No surgical scar with needle mark on the skin.
  9. Quick recovery and back to full activity and normal lifestyle.
  10. The technique is suitable to treat even large thyroid nodules.

Find the Right Doctor

From family and internal medicine to specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja is the best in the field.

As a vascular and interventional radiology specialist, Dr Manish Taneja looks after peripheral vascular disease, aneurysms, dialysis interventions, venous diseases like deep vein thrombosis, and varicose veins/spider veins/reticular veins. He is also competent in performing newer endovascular procedures such as uterine artery embolization, prostate artery embolization, genicular artery embolization, and erectile dysfunction interventions.

Dr. Manish Taneja also has extensive experience in performing all vascular interventions, non-vascular interventions and interventional oncology procedures.

In conclusion, thyroid nodule comes about as a result of growths on the thyroid. Find out how thyroid nodule radiofrequency ablation can help you in a minimally invasive way.

Read More About Vascular Treatments on Our Blog

To dive deeper into the types of vascular treatments such as thyroid nodule radiofrequency ablation, head over to our clinic’s blog.  Read our recommended vascular treatments related blog posts to stay informed.

Types of Thyroid Nodules and Cancer

Watch our video guide and find out more on our blog post, “Types of Thyroid Nodules and Cancer” with the types, causes, evaluation, biopsy, treatment options, and when to see a thyroid specialist. Find answers to questions on whether thyroid nodules are cancerous or not.

Arrange Your Appointment

Consult Vascular Specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja

Other Health Conditions

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various conditions and pain management. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our vascular specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.