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Act Fast When a Brain Stem Stroke is Suspected

by | Jun 22, 2024

Receive expert care for brain stem stroke at our specialized stroke clinic in Singapore. Our dedicated stroke specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja, offers advanced diagnostics, personalized treatment plans, and comprehensive rehabilitation to enhance recovery and improve quality of life. 

female senior patient with nurse

What Is Brain Stem Stroke?

A brain stem stroke or a brain stem infarction is a stroke that occurs in the brain stem. Blood flow is blocked at the base of the brain. The blockage and stroke can cause damage to the brain stem and other parts of the brain. The damage is caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain stem and other regions. If the brain stem stroke is severe enough, it can lead to locked-in syndrome, where the survivors are only able to move their eyes.

Overview of Brain Stem Stroke

The brain stem sits at the base of the brain, and this small, only half-inch-in diameter area controls the body’s central nervous system, including breathing, blood pressure, and consciousness. Motor control functions flow through the brain stem. During a brain stem stroke, any of these functions can be damaged.

The symptoms of a brain stem stroke vary, and it can be challenging to diagnose. If you suspect a stroke of any type, early intervention helps promote a better outcome.

Symptoms of Brain Stem Stroke

Brain stem strokes tend to have atypical symptoms, making them more challenging to diagnose. The most common sign of a stroke is weakness on one side of the body, but it might not appear with a brain stem stroke. Instead, dizziness or vertigo might be the only symptom. Here are the most common symptoms:

Seek immediate treatment if any of these symptoms appear.

 

Risk Factors of Brain Stem Stroke

While the symptoms of brain stem strokes can vary from other forms, many of the same risk factors apply. These include:

If you have any of these risk factors, depending on which ones, you can make changes. These risk factors can help you seek treatment more quickly if symptoms appear.

 

Causes of Brain Stem Stroke

Brain stem strokes are caused when blood flow to a part of the brain stem is cut off. The blood flow is affected by either a blockage in the artery or a bleeding in the artery. With brain stem strokes, if the cause is a blood clot, quick intervention can give the patient better odds of recovery and reclaiming their old lives.

 

Diagnosis of Brain Stem Stroke

It can be tricky to diagnose a brain stem stroke because of the atypical symptoms. However, standard diagnosis techniques include:

  • Medical history and family history
  • Physical examine
  • Neurological exam
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Angiograms
  • Doppler ultrasounds
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) or echocardiogram
  • Blood tests for clotting

A doctor makes the final determination based on these tests and symptoms.

 

Brain Stem Stroke Treatment & Prevention in Singapore

Brain stem strokes require fast treatment of either medication or surgery to repair the blood vessels or minimize brain swelling. Commonly used medications are antiplatelet medications, such as Clopidogrel (Plavix). However, brain stem strokes are the most fatal form of strokes, so concentrate on prevention.

Preventing a brain stem stroke includes keeping health problems under control. Also, avoid smoking, vaping, and drug use. It’s essential to eat right and exercise regularly.

 

Brain Stem Stroke Recovery

With mild to moderate brain stem strokes, a patient can recover with therapy. The good news is that this type of stroke doesn’t affect the person’s language ability. A few weeks after the stroke, you should see the lessening and end of symptoms, such as blurred vision and feelings of vertigo.

 

Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic: Your Partner in the Treatment and Recovery of Brain Stem Stroke

Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic  in Singapore offers a host of treatments and services if you suspect you or a loved one is a prime candidate for a brain stem stroke. Our stroke specialist provides compassion and support throughout your visits to our clinic, surgeries, and beyond. Contact us today.

Lacunar Stroke

Learn about lacunar stroke, a type of stroke that affects small blood vessels in the brain. Discover its symptoms, causes, and treatment options. Gain valuable insights to navigate recovery and prevention strategies effectively.

Consult a Stroke Specialist in Singapore

Dr. Manish Taneja, is an expert in endovascular and image guided neurointerventional procedures of brain and spine. He has special interest in treatment of brain aneurysms, stroke and vascular malformations. Come in for a further evaluation and arrange an appointment today with our stroke specialist.

 

Dr. Manish Taneja performing surgery

Stroke Resources

Stroke In Younger Adults: What You Need to Know

You are never too young to have a stroke. As such, it is important to know what to look out for and how your lifestyle increases your risk of having a stroke.

happy senior woman eating healthy green apple

We’ve Got You Covered for Specialized Stroke Screening, Prevention, and Management

Imagine heart attacks where the blood flow to your heart is blocked. Similarly, a stroke occurs when the blood flow to your brain is interrupted becoming a “brain attack”. When blood supply does not reach a certain part, brain cells begin to die. Different types of stroke include ischemic strokes (blockage of blood vessel due to blood clot) or a mini stroke, a TIA (transient ischemic attack), with no permanent damage yet serious. Stroke also occurs when a blood vessel in the brain pops causing bleeding in the brain.

Certain areas of the brain can be affected by stroke and some symptoms of a stroke including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood sugar levels increase the risk of stroke whereas an active lifestyle or controlling high cholesterol reduces the risk. How well do you know stroke? Find tips to prevent and manage stroke, the differences in stroke screening tests, and the newer technology and treatments available. Come in for an easy consultation and further evaluation with our stroke specialist in Singapore at the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic. 

Supreme Vascular and Interventional Stroke Programs

Brain Aneurysm Resources

Discover brain aneurysm resources that go beyond the basics designed for patients. Understand the meaning of  a brain aneurysm condition, the causes, symptoms, signs, and more. Connect with your brain health.

Put Brain Aneurysm on Your Health Radar

Did you experience the worst headache of your life? Could it be a brain aneurysm that ruptures, which means bleeding in the brain? Thoughts could be racing through your mind. Then what is the difference between unruptured (a weak or thin spot on an artery in the brain that balloons) or ruptured brain aneurysm? If you’re wondering, then the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is here to help. It’s important to look out for the tell-tale brain aneurysm symptoms, signs, causes, and risk factors.

Dr. Manish Taneja has been performing brain aneurysm treatments since 1995 from surgical clipping to latest minimally invasive procedures. Each patient is unique as is the size and location of the aneurysm. Your brain has different conditions to treat the aneurysm and artery vessel walls of a blood vessel in the brain. This calls for personalised brain aneurysm treatment depending on your symptoms, family, history, medication, and more. A simple CT scan could be just what the doctor ordered and the first step in early detection and prevention of a brain aneurysm. Come in for an easy consultation with our brain aneurysm specialist in Singapore to be on your health radar.

Other Health Conditions

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various neurological conditions and treatments. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our neurointervention specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.