Vertigo: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

by | Apr 26, 2024

Experience relief from vertigo with effective solutions from our specialized headache clinic and expert headache specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja, in Singapore who provides comprehensive assessment and personalized treatment plans to address the underlying causes of vertigo, restoring balance and improving your quality of life. 


male feeling dizzy from vertigo

What is Vertigo?

A sudden bout of dizziness, an inability to regain your footing, or even feelings of swaying can all be signs of a developing issue with vertigo. It is something experienced by approximately 1 in 15 adults in their lifetime. With such a high rate of incidents, it is something that everyone should take seriously and try to learn about as much as possible. There is always a chance that you or someone you love may experience vertigo, and you will want to know what you can do about treating and/or managing it.

A great explanation of what vertigo is comes from Penn Medicine:

Vertigo is a sensation of motion or spinning that is often described as dizziness. Vertigo is not the same as being lightheaded. People with vertigo feel as though they are actually spinning or moving, or that the world is spinning around them.

That is important to note because there are many who might jump to conclusions and assume that they have vertigo when they are actually experiencing routine lightheadedness. Knowing the difference can help you accurately determine which treatment options are right for you.


Symptoms of Vertigo

Every patient is different, and anyone can experience different symptoms of vertigo based on their specific biology and other factors. That said, the following symptoms are common for those experiencing vertigo:

  • Lack of eye focus
  • Hearing loss in one or both ears
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Balance issues
  • Dizziness
  • Nasua
  • Vomitting
  • Difficulty focusing or moving

The list goes on from there, but you want to be wary of these symptoms if you begin to experience them. They might be early signs of potential issues with vertigo. If you are developing vertigo, then you will want to reach out to a doctor to ask about your options going forward.


Types of Vertigo

There are multiple types of vertigo that an individual might experience. Knowing what those types are and how each type might manifest itself is a great way to give yourself the best possible chance of overcoming it. There are two main types of vertigo that you need to know about.


Peripheral Vertigo

This type of vertigo is characterized by issues within your inner ear. You may or may not realize it, but your inner ears have a significant impact on your balance. If you have issues with your inner ear, it can throw off your ability to remain balanced at all. It can also lead to peripheral vertigo that impacts you on a daily basis.


Central Vertigo

This type of vertigo is linked to a problem in the brain itself. Often, it involves damage to the brain stem that has caused some of the issues. You will want to get immediate medical attention if you believe that you are suffering from central vertigo. It can absolutely be treated, but the ramifications of central vertigo can be even more intense than other types of vertigo. If you want to lead a normal life with fewer symptoms, you will need the guidance of a medical professional right away.


Vertigo Treatment Options

Your doctor can recommend certain medications that can alleviate some of the symptoms of vertigo for most patients. Moreover, treatment options for vertigo depend on the underlying cause and severity of symptoms. Some common ones include:

  • Canalith repositioning maneuvers (e.g., Epley maneuver) to reposition displaced inner ear crystals.
  • Vestibular rehabilitation therapy to improve balance and reduce dizziness through specific exercises.
  • Medications such as antihistamines, anti-nausea drugs, or vestibular suppressants to alleviate symptoms.
  • Lifestyle modifications, such as avoiding triggers like caffeine, alcohol, and certain medications.
  • Surgical interventions or minimally invasive procedures in cases of severe or persistent vertigo caused by structural issues.
  • Addressing underlying health conditions contributing to vertigo, such as Meniere’s disease or vestibular migraines, through targeted medical management.

If you are concerned that you or a loved one might have vertigo, reach out and contact us for more information on the next steps that you should take today.

    Common Types of Headache

    Headache is a very common condition that affects virtually everyone. Some individuals have more debilitating headaches than the others severely affecting their quality of life.

    Two Common Types of Headaches

    The two commonest type of headaches seen in clinical practice are migraine and tension headache. There are other causes of headache that may be caused by underlying structural issues in the brain or by other physiological issues affecting the structures of the brain.

    There are several categories of primary headaches and secondary headaches. Read more in our blog post that explores “Headache Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment”

    Headache Assessment

    Assessment of headache involves a detailed clinical assessment including history and physical examination. This is followed by imaging scan such as MRI/MRA which in most cases is done to exclude any structural cause of headache. MRI scan does not involve any radiation or contrast injection with no side effects and high degree of accuracy.

    Most patients presenting with headache are managed medically with excellent response to treatment. There are various over the counter and prescription based medication available both for treating acute episodes of headache as well as to prevent episodes of severe headache. Newer injection based treatments given to prevent headache on a monthly or 3-4 monthly basis have added another dimension to treat patients effectively.

    Did you know that there are over 150 types of headaches? The most common include tension headaches, migraines, and cluster headaches. Headaches can also sometimes result from underlying medical conditions like strokesbrain aneurysms, or infections. Learn when it is time to worry about a headache, the different certain types, and the warning signs of each in our article.

    Seek Medical Assistance at the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic

    Headaches and dizziness are an unfortunate part of our lives that we can’t escape and may be a precursor to a ruptured brain aneurysm. While most pains are mild to moderate in severity and can be tackled with over-the-counter medications, others are life-threatening. Understanding how to differentiate between dangerous and common headaches is the first step to getting the ideal treatment you require. If an aneurysm ruptures or causes bleeding in the brain, it can result in symptoms such as dizziness, confusion, and loss of balance, which can be mistaken for vertigo. It’s important to seek medical evaluation if experiencing symptoms of vertigo, especially if there’s a concern for underlying neurological conditions like aneurysms. We provide headache and brain aneurysm care and treatments at our specialized brain aneurysm, stroke, and neurointervention clinic at Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic in Singapore. Find answers to commonly asked brain aneurysm and stroke questions from our patients with Dr. Manish Taneja.

    Consult a Seasoned Brain Aneurysm Specialist

    If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of a brain aneurysm, seek immediate medical assistance from the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic. Our brain aneurysm clinic and specialist based in Singapore, Dr. Manish Taneja provides  comprehensive management of complex multisystem surgical and medical conditions. Contact us today to fill in and submit contact information and inquiry details.

    Dr. Manish, a certified neurointervention specialist, has extensive experience treating headaches and brain aneurysms. He can provide expert guidance regarding treatment options considering your specific headache. Come in for a further evaluation.

    Middle aged women giving a call on her phone.

    Brain Aneurysm Resources

    Discover brain aneurysm resources that go beyond the basics designed for patients. Understand the meaning of  a brain aneurysm condition, the causes, symptoms, signs, and more. Connect with your brain health.

    Put Brain Aneurysm on Your Health Radar

    Did you experience the worst headache of your life? Could it be a brain aneurysm that ruptures, which means bleeding in the brain? Thoughts could be racing through your mind. Then what is the difference between unruptured (a weak or thin spot on an artery in the brain that balloons) or ruptured brain aneurysm? If you’re wondering, then the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is here to help. It’s important to look out for the tell-tale brain aneurysm symptoms, signs, causes, and risk factors.

    Dr. Manish Taneja has been performing brain aneurysm treatments since 1995 from surgical clipping to latest minimally invasive procedures. Each patient is unique as is the size and location of the aneurysm. Your brain has different conditions to treat the aneurysm and artery vessel walls of a blood vessel in the brain. This calls for personalised brain aneurysm treatment depending on your symptoms, family, history, medication, and more. A simple CT scan could be just what the doctor ordered and the first step in early detection and prevention of a brain aneurysm. Come in for an easy consultation with our brain aneurysm specialist in Singapore to be on your health radar.

    Other Health Conditions

    The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various conditions and treatments. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our neurointervention specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.