Tests that Measure and Assess Stroke Risk

by | Dec 13, 2023

Explore cutting-edge tests that measure and assess stroke risk with precision. These advanced diagnostics empower proactive health management, providing insights that can be crucial for early intervention and prevention in understanding stroke vulnerability.

EKG monitor to measure stroke risk

Understanding Stroke Risk

A stroke can happen at any time. Your arteries in the brain, blood vessels, are blocked, or they rupture. This obstruction or damage prevents the brain from receiving the necessary oxygenated blood supply. The brain cells can die and result in permanent damage or death. Know the signs and the risk factors that can actually prevent stokes.

Some warning signs and symptoms of stroke include:

  • Dizziness and weakness
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Vision problems
  • Numbness
  • Walking problems
  • Confusion

There are several basic tests that can measure your risk for a stroke.

Blood Tests Measurements

Your blood pressure and cholesterol levels can measure your risk for a possible stroke and/or heart attack.  A doctor will measure your blood pressure at a routine office visit. Normal average blood pressure is 120/80, but this can vary with age and weight. You can also monitor your own blood pressure. Medication is prescribed for people with high blood pressure and cholesterol levels to prevent a stroke and heart attack.

Your cholesterol levels can be checked with a blood test.

Lipoproteins carry the cholesterol in your blood. There are two major lipoproteins:

The low-density (LDL) protein is often referred to as the bad cholesterol. Too much of this fatty substance can build up in your arteries and form the plaque that inhibits blood circulation.

The high-density (HDL) is the good cholesterol as it absorbs the excess fatty substances and carries them to the liver where they are flushed from the body.

The right combination of your LDL and HDL cholesterol or ratio level varies by age and body weight. This is also combined with your blood sugar levels that are measured in a blood test. Read our article on “Stroke Prevention Tips: How to Avoid High Cholesterol”.

Blood sugar monitoring includes glucose, A1C and triglyceride levels. They should usually be low. Again, charts vary according to age and weight. High blood sugar levels are an indication of diabetes, a risk factor in strokes and heart attacks. Obese people are most likely to have dangerous high blood sugar levels. Diabetic individuals often monitor their A1C levels themselves.

Electrocardiograms (EKG and ECG)

The electrocardiogram is usually conducted in a medical office to measure and record the electrical signals in the heart. This is a painless, non-invasive procedure that can check for blocked arteries that can lead to a heart attack or stroke. This test can evaluate a risk factor, or it may be used to diagnose a possible problem.

Echocardiogram and Carotid Ultrasound

These are painless and non-invasive uses of echolocation for the heart and arteries. The echocardiogram uses sound waves to check the heart muscle, heart valves, and the movement of blood through the heart. It can also check the lungs. Blocked blood vessels can be located with this procedure.

The carotid ultrasound checks the movement of blood through the carotid arteries. It checks the thickness of artery walls to check for possible blood clots that can lead to a stroke.

Doppler Ultrasound uses high levels of color imaging to estimate blood flow. It is used extensively to diagnose many vascular problems, including strokes.

MRI and CT Scans

A CT scan is Computerized Tomography that will capture images of tissues, the skeletal systems, and other organs.
The MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging uses radio waves and magnets to check blood vessels and other parts of the body. This is more detailed than a CT scan, and it can be used to detect strokes. Learn more with our informative article on the differences and benefits of Stroke MRI and CT scans


Biomarker Tests

A rapid blood test to confirm stroke would be incredibly useful. The Golden HOur for STroke (GHoST) study funded by the Stroke Association, aims to identify biomarkers in blood, urine, or saliva, that will enable rapid diagnosis for patients. Different biomarker tests can be used to determine treatments for various diseases. They can also indicate how well a treatment is working. Biomarker diagnostic tests can also help direct patients to the most appropriate treatment centre. You might be wondering what is the golden hour of stroke? Find out more about critical 60-minute window following the onset of symptoms of stroke.


Preventing Strokes with Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic in Singapore

Healthy eating and exercise are the primary ways to prevent stroke other vascular health problems. Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic in Singapore works with patients to help prevent and manage strokes. Take charge of your well-being with state-of-the-art stroke screening tests and tools at our specialized stroke clinic. The clinic offers a full range of world-class diagnostic tests and procedures to help patients stay healthy. Contact us for more information and to schedule and appointment.


The Difference Between Stroke and Heart Attack

Understand the key differences between stroke and heart attack from their distinct symptoms to underlying causes.

Consult a Stroke Specialist in Singapore

Dr. Manish Taneja, is an expert in endovascular and image guided neurointerventional procedures of brain and spine. It’s important to find a stroke specialist and doctor you can trust in Singapore. He has special interest in treatment of brain aneurysms, stroke and vascular malformations. Come in for a further evaluation. Arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our stroke specialist.


Dr. Manish Taneja performing surgery

Stroke Resources

Warning Signs of Mild Stroke

Discover the early warning signs of a mild stroke (Transient Ischemic Attack) at our specialized stroke clinic in Singapore. Learn about the subtle symptoms that may signal a TIA and the importance of prompt medical attention. 

Friends making salad

We’ve Got You Covered for Specialized Stroke Screening, Prevention, and Management

Imagine heart attacks where the blood flow to your heart is blocked. Similarly, a stroke occurs when the blood flow to your brain is interrupted becoming a “brain attack”. When blood supply does not reach a certain part, brain cells begin to die. Different types of stroke include ischemic strokes (blockage of blood vessel due to blood clot) or a mini stroke, a TIA (transient ischemic attack), with no permanent damage yet serious. Stroke also occurs when a blood vessel in the brain pops causing bleeding in the brain.

Certain areas of the brain can be affected by stroke and some symptoms of a stroke including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood sugar levels increase the risk of stroke whereas an active lifestyle or controlling high cholesterol reduces the risk. How well do you know stroke? Find tips to prevent and manage stroke, the differences in stroke screening tests, and the newer technology and treatments available. 

Supreme Vascular and Interventional Stroke Programs

Brain Aneurysm Resources

Discover brain aneurysm resources that go beyond the basics designed for patients. Understand the meaning of  a brain aneurysm condition, the causes, symptoms, signs, and more. Connect with your brain health.

Put Brain Aneurysm on Your Health Radar

Did you experience the worst headache of your life? Could it be a brain aneurysm that ruptures, which means bleeding in the brain? Thoughts could be racing through your mind. Then what is the difference between unruptured (a weak or thin spot on an artery in the brain that balloons) or ruptured brain aneurysm? If you’re wondering, then the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is here to help. It’s important to look out for the tell-tale brain aneurysm symptoms, signs, causes, and risk factors.

Dr. Manish Taneja has been performing brain aneurysm treatments since 1995 from surgical clipping to latest minimally invasive procedures. Each patient is unique as is the size and location of the aneurysm. Your brain has different conditions to treat the aneurysm and artery vessel walls of a blood vessel in the brain. This calls for personalised brain aneurysm treatment depending on your symptoms, family, history, medication, and more. A simple CT scan could be just what the doctor ordered and the first step in early detection and prevention of a brain aneurysm. Come in for an easy consultation with our brain aneurysm specialist in Singapore to be on your health radar.

Other Health Conditions

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various neurological conditions and treatments. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our neurointervention specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.