Eating nutrient-rich foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can support thyroid function and overall well-being. Incorporating iodine-rich foods like seaweed, seafood, and iodized salt in moderation can be beneficial, as iodine is essential for thyroid hormone production. Try to limit processed foods, refined sugars, and excessive caffeine to help manage inflammation and promote thyroid health. 

Dr. Manish Taneja

Thyroid Nodule Specialist, Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic

An Introduction to Thyroid Nodules Health

Eating healthy can be challenging, especially when managing thyroid nodules. When it comes to thyroid nodules, it’s important to remember that eating too much or too little of any essential nutrient may lead to more health challenges, which worsen your thyroid nodules. The impact of dietary choices on your thyroid health can be complex, so you need to approach nutrition with knowledge and mindfulness. 

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic which has one of the leading thyroid nodule specialists in Singapore shares the following guide

friends eating healthy lunch

Food Nutrition for Thyroid Nodules Patients

There is no specific thyroid nodules diet. Eating healthy means focusing on balanced meals full of whole foods, which include fruits, veggies, legumes, lean proteins, and whole grains. The NHS Eatwell Guide recommends the following thyroid nodules foods to eat:

  • About five portions of vegetables and fruits daily
  • Dairy or dairy alternatives
  • Base meals on high-starch foods such as pasta, rice, and bread
  • Proteins such as beans, meat, eggs, fish pulses, and other proteins
  • Unsaturated oils and spreads in small amounts
  • Plenty of water, about 6-8 glasses daily

Eat Smart

If you have thyroid nodules, you need to be mindful of foods that may influence your thyroid function.

Foods to Avoid

You may be wondering what foods to avoid for thyroid nodules. Here are some you should be aware of:

  • Cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and kale
  • Soya and soy products
  • Highly processed foods
  • Refined sugars and carbohydrates
  • Processed meats such as bacon, deli meats and sausages
  • Excessive amounts of caffeine
  • Excess iodine-rich foods

Foods to Eat

If you have thyroid nodules, you will benefit from a balanced diet with thyroid nodules foods such as:

  • Roasted seaweed such as kelp, nori, wakame (naturally rich in iodine)
  • Selenium-rich foods such as Brazil nuts, fish, shellfish, eggs, and sunflower seeds
  • Lean proteins such as poultry, fish, tofu, legumes and lean meat cuts
  • Dairy like milk, yogurt, and ice cream
  • Whole grains such as quinoa, brown rice, oats, whole wheat
  • A variety of fruits and vegetables
  • Healthy fats such as nuts, avocados, seeds, olive oil and fatty fish
  • Fresh eggs (with yolk)

Healthy Recipes

Eating healthy may seem restrictive, however you can still enjoy a delicious meal. Here are some thyroid nodules food recipes you can try:

Salmon Traybake


  • 1 tsp black mustard seeds
  • 1 tsp ground turmeric
  • 1 tsp cumin seeds
  • a thumb-sized piece of ginger, sliced
  • 1 head broccoli, chopped into florets including the stalk
  • 1 tbsp vegetable oil
  • 2 cloves garlic, crushed
  • 1 tbsp lime pickle
  • 1 tbsp curry paste
  • 400g tin coconut milk
  • 4 salmon fillets
  • a good handful of cherry tomatoes, halved
  • ½ lime, juiced
  • a handful of coriander, chopped
  • rice to serve


Heat your oven to 200C. Put your seeds and turmeric into a large bowl, then sprinkle some vegetable oil and seasoning. Add the broccoli florets and stems, then tip everything into a roasting tray with the garlic and ginger and cook in the oven for about 15 minutes.

Mix the curry paste, coconut milk, and lime pickle, then pour them into the tray. Add the salmon fillets to the tray and season. The salmon should be skin-side up.

Spread the tomatoes around and put the tray back into the oven for 15-20 minutes. Squeeze some lime juice, sprinkle some coriander, and serve with rice. This recipe is from Olive Magazine.

Quinoa and Black Bean Chili


  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 cloves garlic, crushed
  • 1 red chilli, chopped
  • A dash of olive oil spray
  • 2 tsp ground cumin
  • 1 tsp hot smoked paprika
  • 1/2 tsp chilli flakes (optional)
  • 200g quinoa, rinsed and drained
  • 600ml vegetable stock
  • 400g tin chopped tomatoes
  • 400g tin black beans, rinsed and drained
  • 1 small avocado, sliced
  • coriander leaves to serve


Start by frying the onion, garlic, and red chili in a dash of olive oil until soft. Then add the spices, including chili flakes if you like your food spicy. Add quinoa, stock, black beans, and tomatoes, then season well. Cover your dish and let it simmer for 30 minutes until the sauce thickens and the quinoa is tender. Top your dish with a few avocado slices and coriander leaves to serve.

Creamy Shrimp Vegetable Skillet


  • 2 tbsp of avocado or olive oil
  • 1/2 cup red onion, diced
  • 1 cup asparagus cut into 1-inch pieces
  • 1 pound medium-sized shrimp, peeled and deveined
  • 3/4 cup +2 tbsp full-fat coconut milk, divided
  • 1/2 tsp pink sea salt
  • 1/2 tsp onion powder
  • 1/2 tsp garlic powder
  • 1/4 tsp dried parsley
  • 1/4 tsp dried cilantro
  • 1/4 tsp turmeric powder
  • 1/4 tsp coconut sugar
  • 1 tbsp arrowroot starch
  • 1/2 tsp nutritional yeast
  • 2-3 cups raw spinach
  • Method

This delicious recipe is from FoodCourage. Start by drying off the shrimp with paper towels. Then heat 2 tbsp of oil in a large saucepan. Add the onions and saute for 2 minutes. Add in the asparagus and stir until they soften slightly. Lower the heat to medium, add the shrimp, and cook for a few minutes. Add 3/4 cup of coconut milk and spices. Leave out the arrowroot starch for later. Stir until everything is combined. Now mix the remaining 2 tbsp of coconut milk with the arrowroot starch and add it to the rest of the ingredients. Give it a quick stir and turn the heat to low. Let it simmer until the mixture thickens, and then add the spinach. Let it wilt for about 2 minutes, then serve.

Can Diet Help Cure Thyroid Nodules?

Diet alone cannot cure thyroid nodules; however, it does play a significant role in managing symptoms. For those seeking a more targeted yet minimally invasive treatment in Singapore, options like radiofrequency ablation (RFA) tend to be promising alternatives.

RFA is a cutting-edge thyroid nodule treatment in Singapore that uses heat generated from radiofrequency waves to target and shrink thyroid nodules without surgery. It’s a preferred option for most patients because it has minimal risk, shorter recovery time, and high success rates.

World-Class Care for Thyroid Nodule Treatments in Singapore

At Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic, we are a world-class specialized thyroid nodule clinic in Singapore. We understand the uncertainty and concern surrounding thyroid nodules. If you are looking for radiofrequency ablation in Singapore, contact us today for a consultation with our thyroid nodule specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja.


Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency ablation aims to give patients a non-surgical option for treating thyroid nodules. This procedure is a minimally invasive option that a thyroid nodule specialist like Dr. Manish Taneja, can perform and offers various advantages.

Read More About Thyroid Nodules on Our Blog


To dive deeper into the types of thyroid nodule treatments, head over to our clinic’s blog.

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Other Health Conditions

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various vascular conditions and pain management. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our vascular specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.