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Stroke Health: Diet and Lifestyle Guideline

by | Feb 26, 2024

Discover general essential guidelines for a stroke-preventive diet and lifestyle. Explore recommendations to safeguard your health and reduce the risk of strokes effectively for stroke management and prevention. It’s more manageable than you may realize!

asian family eating healthy

Introduction to Stroke Diet and Lifestyle Guideline

 

There are two main types of strokes. The first is an ischemic stroke, brought about by a blood clot blocking an artery. The second less common but equally devastating is a hemorrhagic stroke caused by a burst blood vessel. According to the Health Promotion Board of Singapore, 4 in 5 cases are ischaemic strokes (80%). In 2021, there were 1,760 haemorrhagic strokes vs. 7,919 ischaemic strokes. Learn more about the prevalence of stroke in Singapore. You may want to explore the causes and risk factors when it comes to stroke prevention, some of which you were born with and some that are controllable.

Embracing a nurturing diet and lifestyle isn’t just a prescription for physical health – it promotes long-term well-being. You’ll find that preventing strokes or aiding in recovery can be simpler than you might expect. By savoring colorful fruits, crisp vegetables, wholesome grains, and nourishing proteins, you’re not just fueling your body but also fortifying it against the risk of strokes. Engaging in regular exercises, finding moments of calm amidst life’s chaos, managing stress levels, and steering clear of harmful habits like smoking and excessive drinking can be small yet powerful. For those in stroke recovery, adhering to a balanced diet and engaging in physical activity can aid in rehabilitation, improve overall well-being, and lower the likelihood of recurrent strokes. Adopting these habits fosters resilience against stroke and supports long-term health and recovery.

Engage in Physical Activity and Exercise

 

Most people need to consider their calories intake to stay healthy. It’s important to balance your energy expenditure with your intake. Regular exercise is always recommended for good health.

Doctors often recommend 30 minutes of exercise daily and weight loss if you are overweight. Doing physical activities like walking, swimming, or cycling for 15-30 minutes most days of the week can help lower blood pressure.

Learn how to exercise in our blog post “How to Exercise After Stroke” in both preventing future strokes and aiding in stroke recovery. 

Before delving into gym exercises for stroke patients, it is strongly advised to please speak with a stroke specialist in Singapore and a physical therapist before attempting and performing any of these post-stroke exercises to ensure they are suitable for your individual situation. These experts will assess your capabilities and limitations, ensuring a personalized exercise plan.

Healthy Eating

Consume Less High Cholesterol and Saturated Fat

The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends consuming less than 300mg of cholesterol daily and limiting saturated fat intake to 5–6% of total calories. For a 2,000-calorie diet, that’s about 20g or less daily. Maintaining total cholesterol under 200 mg/dL and LDL under 100 mg/dL can promote brain health, effectively reducing stroke risk.

Reduce Sodium 

The recommended daily sodium intake is less than 2,300 mg for optimal heart health. Reducing sodium intake is vital for lowering blood pressure and stroke risk over the long term

Cut down on Sugar 

The average person can consume 40 to 55 grams of sugar each day. However, this depends on your calorie intake. It is better to consume sugar in the form of your favorite fruits and other vegetables rather than processed sweets.

Improve and Control Blood Pressure

Set blood pressure goals to reduce the risk of recurrence. The specific goals are based on factors such as age, overall health, and whether there are any additional medical conditions present. Doctors want to aim for blood pressure in the healthy range of less than 130/80 mmHg.

Dash Diet

Some doctors will recommend the Dash Diet  (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension). The diet emphasizes eating whole foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products.

 

A healthy diet includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products.  Read our informative blog post, “A Guide to Best Foods for Stroke Patients and Survivors” to reduce the risk of stroke along with some delicious recipes.

 

Difference Between Stroke and Heart Attack

 

You might be confused between the symptoms of a stroke and cardiovascular diseases such as a heart attack. Simply put, a stroke occurs when there is a blockage of blood supply to the brain whereas a heart attack happens when there is a blockage of blood supply to the heart. Regardless, maintaining a nutritious diet and embracing a healthy lifestyle play is also key in managing and controlling cardiovascular diseases.

Healthy Lifestyle Recommendations

 

  1. Managing hypertension and diabetes is extremely important when it comes to preventing strokes, as they are two of the main causes.
  2. Lose weight if you’re obese, and losing even 10 or 15 pounds can dramatically reduce your likelihood of having a stroke.
  3. Managing high cholesterol can reduce the risk of having a stroke. 
  4. Limit alcohol consumption. Try to quit or limit smoking or using tobacco or nicotine products. You can even try avoiding secondhand smoke. The same applies for vapor and vaping. 
  5. Exercise 4-5 days each week. This could involve walking, cycling, swimming, and more.

Check Your Potential for Stroke

 

Now you know it’s not tough to stay brain and heart healthy with the above general guideline. Keep in mind that it’s the collective consistency of your decisions and the pattern of building healthy habits and choices that matters. Our stroke specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja, at the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic, a specialized stroke clinic in Singapore, offers comprehensive stroke care.

Stroke and Healthy Eating

Learn how to avoid stroke by eating healthy. Discover tips and strategies for healthier food choices and improving your well-being.

We Support Your Brain Health at Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic

 

By working with an experienced stroke specialist in Singapore, you can decrease your risk of a stroke and manage potential risk factors more effectively. Reach out to the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic to connect with our specialized stroke clinic and Dr. Manish Taneja. We handle various stroke conditions and treatments and will work closely with you and your loved ones to create a tailored plan.

Consult a Stroke Specialist in Singapore

 

Dr. Manish Taneja, is an expert in endovascular and image guided neurointerventional procedures of brain and spine. It’s important to find a stroke specialist and doctor you can trust in Singapore. He has special interest in treatment of brain aneurysms, stroke and vascular malformations. Come in for a further evaluation. Arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our stroke specialist.

Dr. Manish Taneja performing surgery

Stroke Resources

Transient Ischemic Attack: What You Need to Know

Not all people get strokes. However, for those who are well, warning signs of stroke can still happen. You might have heard of Transient Ischemic Stroke (TIA), which can lead to a future possible stroke.

Friends making salad

We’ve Got You Covered for Specialized Stroke Screening, Prevention, and Management

 

Imagine heart attacks where the blood flow to your heart is blocked. Similarly, a stroke occurs when the blood flow to your brain is interrupted becoming a “brain attack”. When blood supply does not reach a certain part, brain cells begin to die. Different types of stroke include ischaemic strokes (blockage of blood vessel due to blood clot) or a mini stroke, a TIA (transient ischemic attack), with no permanent damage yet serious. Stroke also occurs when a blood vessel in the brain pops causing bleeding in the brain.

Certain areas of the brain can be affected by stroke and some symptoms of a stroke including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood sugar levels increase the risk of stroke whereas an active lifestyle or controlling high cholesterol reduces the risk. How well do you know stroke? Find tips to prevent and manage stroke, the differences in stroke screening tests, and the newer technology and treatments available.

Supreme Vascular and Interventional Stroke Programs

Brain Aneurysm Resources

Discover brain aneurysm resources that go beyond the basics designed for patients. Understand the meaning of  a brain aneurysm condition, the causes, symptoms, signs, and more. Connect with your brain health.

Put Brain Aneurysm on Your Health Radar

Did you experience the worst headache of your life? Could it be a brain aneurysm that ruptures, which means bleeding in the brain? Thoughts could be racing through your mind. Then what is the difference between unruptured (a weak or thin spot on an artery in the brain that balloons) or ruptured brain aneurysm? If you’re wondering, then the Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is here to help. It’s important to look out for the tell-tale brain aneurysm symptoms, signs, causes, and risk factors.

Dr. Manish Taneja has been performing brain aneurysm treatments since 1995 from surgical clipping to latest minimally invasive procedures. Each patient is unique as is the size and location of the aneurysm. Your brain has different conditions to treat the aneurysm and artery vessel walls of a blood vessel in the brain. This calls for personalised brain aneurysm treatment depending on your symptoms, family, history, medication, and more. A simple CT scan could be just what the doctor ordered and the first step in early detection and prevention of a brain aneurysm. Come in for an easy consultation with our brain aneurysm specialist in Singapore to be on your health radar.

Other Health Conditions

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various neurological conditions and treatments. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our neurointervention specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.