Erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection firm enough to have sexual intercourse. The disorder is highly age-dependent, as the combined prevalence of moderate to complete erectile dysfunction rises from approximately 22% at age 40 to 49% by age 70. Although less common in younger men, erectile dysfunction still affects 5%-10% of men below the age of 40.
Dr. Manish Taneja

Vascular Specialist, Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic

Erectile Dysfunction Options: A Guide to Finding the Right Treatment


Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a medical condition that affects men of all ages. It is characterized by the inability to achieve or sustain a firm adequate erection for sexual activity. That’s why it’s vital to understand that ED is a treatable disorder, even if it can be an unpleasant and uncomfortable experience for many men.

Broadly speaking, sexual act involves 4 phases, libido (desire), achieving erection, sustain erection, and orgasm. Any of these phases of sexual activity can get affected leading to erectile dysfunction based on symptoms described.

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A couple having a relationship problem because of erectile dysfunction.

Even though ED is common, there are still a lot of myths about it that may discourage men from getting help. Misconceptions about ED include that it only affects older men and is a normal aspect of aging. But ED can affect males of any age and is not a specific aspect of aging. It’s also critical to remember that ED does not indicate a man’s sexual prowess or manhood. We will examine the signs, causes, and available ED treatments in this extensive guide, arming you with the knowledge you need to choose the best action for your health and well-being.

Symptoms, Causes, and Presentation of Erectile Dysfunction


The Erectile Dysfunction Symptoms:

The primary symptom of ED is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. Other erectile dysfunction symptoms may include a reduced sex drive, difficulty achieving orgasm, and premature ejaculation.

Erectile Dysfunction Causes:

Various factors, including underlying health conditions, lifestyle, and psychological issues, can cause Erectile Dysfunction. Common underlying health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and obesity are also erectile dysfunction causes. Lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and a sedentary lifestyle can also contribute to ED. 

How Erectile Dysfunction is Diagnosed:

To diagnose ED, your doctor will typically ask about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam. They may also recommend blood tests, imaging tests, or other diagnostic procedures to identify any underlying health conditions contributing to your ED.

Presentation of ED:

Erectile dysfunction presentation happens in various ways, and the severity of symptoms can vary from person to person. Some men may experience occasional or mild symptoms of ED, while others may have more severe or persistent symptoms that significantly affect their quality of life.

An Overview of Treatments for Vasculogenic Erectile Dysfunction


Types of ED:

There are several types of ED, including vasculogenic, neurogenic, hormonal, and psychological. Vasculogenic ED is caused by a lack of blood flow to the penis, while neurogenic ED is caused by nerve damage or dysfunction. Hormonal ED is caused by hormone imbalance, and psychological ED is caused by stress, anxiety, or other mental health issues.

Treatment Options for ED:

Erectile dysfunction Treatment options may vary depending on the condition’s underlying cause. The treatments for erectile dysfunction include medical therapy (drugs), surgical intervention, endovascular interventional procedures, arterial inflow procedures, venous leak embolization, and penile implantation.


Medical Therapy (Drugs)


Medical therapy is a commonly used treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED). There are several types of erectile dysfunction medicines, including:

Phosphodiesterase Type 5 (PDE5) Inhibitors – These drugs, such as sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), and vardenafil (Levitra), work by increasing blood flow to the penis. They are typically taken orally and are effective for many men with ED.

Alprostadil Is drug is available as an injection, pellet, or cream, increasing blood flow to the penis. It can be used alone or in combination with other drugs.

Testosterone Replacement Therapy Men with low testosterone levels may benefit from testosterone replacement therapy. This can improve ED and other symptoms of low testosterone.

Surgical Intervention


Erectile dysfunction surgery is another treatment option for ED. Several types of surgeries aim to treat ED, including:

  • Penile Implants: A type of surgery involves the placement of a device in the penis. You can achieve and maintain an erection using this surgery. There are several types of penile implants, including inflatable and non-inflatable devices.
  • Vascular Surgery: In some cases, the causes of  ED may be due to a  blockage in the blood vessels leading to the penis. Vascular surgery can remove these blockages and restore blood flow to the penis.

Endovascular Interventional Procedures


Endovascular interventional procedures are the latest treatments for erectile dysfunction. These procedures involve using a catheter to deliver medication or other therapies directly to the penis. There are types of endovascular interventional procedures you can use to treat ED, including:

  • Intracavernosal Injection Therapy involves the injection of medication directly into the penis to improve blood flow and achieve an erection.
  • Shockwave Therapy involves using shockwaves to stimulate the growth of new blood vessels in the penis. It improves blood flow and reduces ED symptoms.

Arterial Inflow Procedure


An arterial inflow procedure is a type of surgical intervention that aims to increase blood flow to the penis by repairing or bypassing any blockages in the arteries that supply the penis with blood. This procedure is usually for men with ED caused by arterial insufficiency. In this condition, there is not enough blood flow to the penis due to blockages or narrowing of the arteries.

During an arterial inflow procedure, a surgeon will make an incision in the lower abdomen and identify the artery that supplies blood to the penis. The surgeon will then remove any blockages or narrowings in the artery and repair it if necessary. Sometimes, the surgeon may bypass the affected artery by connecting a healthy artery from elsewhere in the body to the penis.

An arterial inflow procedure can help improve erectile function by increasing blood flow to the penis. This procedure is typically for men who have not responded to other treatments for ED, such as oral medications or injections.

Venous Leak Embolisation


Venous leak embolization is an endovascular interventional procedure that can help improve erectile function in men with ED caused by a venous leak. A venous leak is a condition where blood leaks out of the veins in the penis, preventing the penis from becoming erect.

A radiologist will use X-ray imaging to identify the veins leaking blood during a venous leak embolization procedure. The radiologist will then inject a material into the affected veins, blocking them and preventing blood from leaking. That allows blood to remain in the penis, improving erectile function.

Venous leak embolization can be an effective treatment for ED due to a venous leak, with success rates ranging from 50% to 90%. However, this procedure is not for all men with ED, and it is important to undergo a thorough evaluation to determine if it is an appropriate treatment option.

What to Ask Your Doctor


When dealing with ED, having open communication with your healthcare provider is essential. Here are some questions to ask your doctor during your consultation:

  • What is causing my ED?
  • What treatment options are available, and which is most suitable for my condition?
  • What are the benefits and risks of each treatment option?
  • How long will it take for the treatment to work?
  • What lifestyle changes can I make to improve my symptoms?
  • Are there any potential side effects of the medication or treatment?
  • Can I continue my current medications while on ED treatment?
  • Do I need to make any dietary changes or avoid certain foods while undergoing treatment?
  • How frequently should I visit for follow-up, and what will be checked during those visits?

What to Expect During a Consultation:


During your consultation, your doctor will ask about your medical history, symptoms, and lifestyle. They may also conduct a physical examination and order some tests to help diagnose the underlying cause of your ED.

Be prepared to answer questions about your sexual history, including your frequency of sexual activity, the quality of your erections, and any difficulties you have experienced. You may also be asked about your medical history, including any chronic illnesses, surgeries, or medications you are taking.

What Happens at the Clinic During Erectile Dysfunction Assessment


The assessment process for ED typically involves a physical examination and a series of tests to determine the underlying cause of your symptoms. Here’s what you can expect:

  • Physical examination: The doctor will perform a physical exam to check for any abnormalities or signs of an underlying condition contributing to your ED.
  • Blood tests: You can have blood tests to check your hormone levels, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol levels, which can all play a role in ED.
  • Urine tests: Urine tests is beneficial to check for signs of infection or other underlying conditions.
  • Ultrasound: An ultrasound test can assess the blood flow to the penis.
  • Psychological evaluation: A psychological evaluation is best to assess any underlying emotional or psychological factors that may be contributing to your ED.
  • Other tests: Request other tests, such as a nocturnal penile tumescence test,  to assess the quality of your erections during sleep.

Overall, the assessment aims to identify your ED’s underlying cause and develop a personalized treatment plan to improve your symptoms most effectively. 



In a nutshell, if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of erectile dysfunction, it’s essential to seek help from a qualified erectile dysfunction specialist. At Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic, our team of experts is dedicated to providing top-notch care and personalized treatment options for our patients. 

Consider our erectile dysfunction assessment and treatment options at our clinic. We also treat other such as varicolece and benign prostate hyperplasia apart from ED. 

Whether you’re looking for an erectile dysfunction doctor near you or an erectile dysfunction clinic near you, we are here to help. We encourage you to reach out for more information or to schedule a consultation with one of our specialists. Visit our contact us page and fill in your details and inquiry. Don’t let erectile dysfunction affect your quality of life any longer – take the first step towards treatment and reach out to us today.

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic, is your “go-to” facility for various conditions and pain management. Our state-of-the-art facilities and dedication to patient satisfaction ensure we help you best with a positive outcome. To learn more about how to deal with the issue, contact us to arrange an appointment on our website with Dr. Manish Taneja, or call us at +65 6904 8084


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