Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis

by | May 15, 2024

Learn about the causes, symptoms, and advanced treatment options for these vascular conditions and access personalized care and guidance towards optimal vascular health with Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic in Singapore.

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Understanding Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis

You may have heard the terms arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis interchanged, but there is a little difference to remember. Although Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis are related, atherosclerosis is a specific type you must be aware of regarding symptoms and treatment.


What is Arteriosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis develops when traveling blood vessels get stiff and thick, restricting how much blood flows to organs. This can harden the arteries and cause significant issues within the cardiac system. Arteriosclerosis develops over time, and there are some signs to watch for in case you or a loved one is creating this disorder.


Types of Arteriosclerosis

Three main types of arteriosclerosis can develop. The more prominent is standard arteriosclerosis, in which small arteries start to become caver time. Other disorders include atherosclerosis, which develops in larger arteries, and Moenckeburg, in which smaller arteries are hardened over time.


Understanding Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis that develops long after someone has been suffering from it. In this type of arteriosclerosis, cholesterol, fats, and tarry substances like nicotine from smoking build up along the artery walls and narrow the blood flow path.


Process Development

At the beginning of atherosclerosis, endothelial damage can cause the arteries to start narrowing. Some arteries begin to narrow from plaque building up along the walls, which can cause a blockage.


Causes and Risk Factors for Atherosclerosis

Since atherosclerosis takes time, some causes behind the disease may impact someone’s development. Those who have a long history of chronic disorders like high cholesterol and high blood pressure can develop this over time. Poo diet and being inactive are large.

Not everyone will have atherosclerosis, but some people have higher risks. Those who already suffer from high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and complications from diabetes will have higher risks of developing this disease over time. Others who have a family history of this disorder or may be obese are also at higher risk factors for developing atherosclerosis.


Symptoms and Complications of Atherosclerosis

When someone first develops atherosclerosis, they may not experience any symptoms immediately. Eventually, if the atherosclerosis is leading to the brain, chest pains and numbness throughout the body will develop. Symptoms of this developing in the limbs will be more painful, especially in the affected arm or leg.

If you check your blood pressure, it could be lower than it should be, which is a significant symptom for someone who has already been diagnosed with blood clots. If atherosclerosis is in the artery leading to the kidneys, a person will develop high blood pressure complications and issues with the kidneys. Depending on the types of complications and symptoms a person develops, they can start narrowing down where the atherosclerosis is in the body.


Severe Complications

Some of the more severe complications that develop from long-lasting atherosclerosis include chronic kidney disease, peripheral artery disease, and aneurysms. You’ll want to make sure that you have started taking care of this disorder before it gets to this level of severity. These complications can last for a long time and be significantly hard to manage.



Those at high risk for developing atherosclerosis will need regular screenings to detect plaque buildup in the arteries. Blood tests and a physical exam were conducted to test for atherosclerosis. An angiography scan is done with a special dye to watch the blood flow through the body and look at the inside of arteries. This can show if the narrowing is due to plaque buildup and how severe it may be.


Treatment and Management

If you’ve been diagnosed with either arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis, you can expect to add to your daily medications. You’ll need medicine for high cholesterol, antiplatelet medicines to avoid blood clots and anticoagulants. These will need to be a part of your daily routine indefinitely as long as these arteries are trying to clog and stop further damage.

To manage these disorders, you’ll have to do annual or biannual blood tests to see what your numbers are looking like and if your medication needs to be adjusted. Also, you’ll likely have annual scans to check the conditions of your arteries and see if any have gotten worse. Treatment for worsening conditions could be having stints put into these arteries to open them up so the blood continues to flow correctly.


Prevention Strategies

Because this can impact your heart and other systems in your body, you must begin practicing preventative strategies right away. These include the following:

  • Healthy diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Staying hydrated
  • Stop smoking

These are some of the most common ways to prevent atherosclerosis from developing. Eating poorly and smoking will quickly tar the arteries and put you at risk for this disease, which will cause unwanted complications. It’s important to keep up a steady routine of these strategies as early as possible and have your family involved.


Living with Arteriosclerosis/Atherosclerosis

Once you’ve been diagnosed with either arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis, you can still live a full quality life.  You’ll want to start implementing the preventative strategies once you know it so it doesn’t worsen. If your doctor prescribes medication, take it daily and carry it with you when traveling.

It’s also good to keep up with your doctor appointments and let your physician know if you’ve experienced anything unusual. If something doesn’t feel right, seek medical attention immediately, as these are serious disorders, and you may need immediate medical attention.


Receive World-Class Vascular Care and Treatment in Singapore

If you’re looking for a vascular specialist such as Dr. Manish Taneja, to assist with arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, or other vascular conditions, our Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic in Singapore is ready to help. We invite you to contact us today with any questions you may have and to schedule your next appointment.

Peripheral Arterial Disease

Dr. Manish Taneja offers comprehensive support and effective PAD treatment options to improve mobility and well-being.

Other Health Conditions

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various neurological conditions and treatments. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our neurointervention specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.