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Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism

by | Apr 11, 2024

Uncover the critical link between deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Gain insights into prevention strategies and the importance of early detection in managing these potentially life-threatening conditions.

group of young asians leg stretching together

The Link Between Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

 

Blood clots can cause a wide range of serious health conditions, including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolisms. Deep vein thrombosis involves a blood clot in a deep vein that typically forms in a leg, while a pulmonary embolism occurs when that clot travels to the lung. Untreated deep vein thrombosis frequently develops into a pulmonary embolism, which can be a much more serious condition that makes handling even seemingly minor leg problems as soon as you notice them more important than you might think. Here are some of the most important things to know about the relationship between deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolisms, as well as how Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic can help Singapore residents and visitors manage these conditions.

 

What Is Deep Vein Thrombosis? 

 

Deep vein thrombosis is a condition that occurs when a blood clot, which is also known as a thrombus, forms in a deep vein in a leg or elsewhere in the body. While not all patients with deep vein thrombosis develop any symptoms, this condition is often characterized by pain, cramps, swelling, and warmth in the affected leg. The color of the skin around the clot may also change to a purple or deep red shade. Deep vein thrombosis is most frequently caused by recent leg surgery, an infection, or another type of injury. You may be more likely to develop deep vein thrombosis if you live a mostly sedentary lifestyle, are over age 60, are pregnant or overweight, are taking contraceptives, have heart disease or cancer, or smoke. It is also commonly seen in individuals on long haul flights. 

This condition is generally diagnosed using a D-dimer blood test, duplex ultrasound, venography, or an MRI and treated with blood thinners and compression stockings. Some patients need vein filters. Untreated deep vein thrombosis may quickly develop into a pulmonary embolism.

 

What Is a Pulmonary Embolism? 

 

A pulmonary embolism is caused by a deep vein thrombosis clot that migrates through your bloodstream and prevents blood from flowing into your lungs properly. In addition to the typical risk factors associated with developing deep vein thrombosis, you may be more likely to have this condition develop into a pulmonary embolism if you have a family history of pulmonary embolisms, you have had recent surgery, or you have heart disease, cancer, or a condition that affects your blood’s ability to clot properly. This condition is generally diagnosed through various types of tests, such as:

  • Various blood tests
  • Chest x-rays
  • An ultrasound
  • CT pulmonary angiography
  • Ventilation-perfusion scan
  • Pulmonary angiogram
  • MRI

Pulmonary embolisms are often treated with similar medications to deep vein thrombosis, although surgery may also be needed to remove the blood clot if its position makes it too urgent to wait for medications to work or your medications do not work.

 

The Link Between Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolisms

 

While not all deep vein thrombosis cases will develop into pulmonary embolisms, understanding the frequency of this link is an important step in avoiding serious complications that may be associated with slight leg soreness or other seemingly minor symptoms. Approximately 60-80 percent of individuals with deep vein thrombosis eventually develop a pulmonary embolism if their condition is left untreated. Around half of pulmonary embolisms produce no immediate symptoms, but they still have the potential to lead to more serious complications.

Like many similar conditions, making certain lifestyle adjustments can significantly improve your early deep vein thrombosis symptoms and reduce their likelihood of developing into something more serious. Exercising more, eating more nutritious foods, quitting smoking, and other adjustments can significantly improve the overall health of your blood and make it less susceptible to significant clotting. Continuing to monitor your deep vein thrombosis over time can also help your doctor notice early signs of a pulmonary embolism or other more significant problem as early as possible to begin treatment when it is most likely to be successful.

 

Choose Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic for Quality Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism Care in Singapore 

 

At Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic, we are here to help residents and visitors of Singapore understand their options if they are diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis or a pulmonary embolism. Because untreated deep vein thrombosis has the potential to quickly develop into a more serious condition, seeing our varicose vein specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja, as soon as you notice symptoms of this condition is a must when it comes to reducing your likelihood of developing a pulmonary embolism and getting your symptoms under control as quickly as possible. Contact Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic today to learn more about managing deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolisms in Singapore or to schedule an appointment.

 

The Prevalence of Varicose Veins in Singapore

According to a YouGov survey, one-thirds of Singaporeans suffered from varicose veins, but three-quarters did not seek medical help.
Am I at Risk of Varicose Veins, Spider Veins, or Deep Vein Thrombosis?
The appearance of varicose and spider veins on your body is nothing of immediate concern. If there are symptoms associated with them, schedule a visit with your doctor to diagnose and treat varicose veins. Spider veins, varicose veins, and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can occur on individuals with all body types, genders, and ages. The following demographics may have a higher chance of experiencing them.

  • Those who are overweight (therefore, maintain a healthy weight to reduce the pressure)
  • Pregnant women
  • Females
  • Individuals between the ages of 40 and 80
  • Those who are inactive/not exercising (even sitting or standing for long periods)
  • Smoker
  • Frequent flyers
  • Those who have had surgery or leg trauma

Varicose veins specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja, offers comprehensive care for varicose veins patients at Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic in Singapore.

Assessment of Varicose Veins

Clinical examination and ultrasound doppler scan are most important tools in assessment and deciding management of varicose veins. This takes about 15-20 minutes to do and is usually done in the clinic itself.

Treatment of Varicose Veins

There are various techniques available to treat varicose veins depending on clinical presentation. These include:

  • Conservative medical management including compression socks
  • Laser endovenous treatment (EVLT)
  • Radio-frequency endovenous ablation (RFA)
  • Clarivein endovenous treatment
  • VenaSeal endovenous closure system
  • Microwave endovenous ablation
  • Open surgery
  • Venous avulsions
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Cryolaser and cryosclerotherapy

What are the Advantages of Minimally Invasive Treatments?

  • No major surgery
  • No or minimal visible scars
  • Quick recovery
  • Same day admission and discharge
  • Clinic based treatments

Learn more about “Spider Veins: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment”. Although they might be a cosmetic concern, they can also lead to serious health issues. You might also be interested to find out more on our blog post, “Deep Vein Thrombosis: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment” about the difference between DVT and varicose veins.

Consult a Vascular Specialist for Your Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

 

Dr. Manish Taneja, a certified vascular and varicose veins specialist in Singapore, has extensive experience in the treatment of all vascular interventions and looks after venous diseases like varicose veins, spider veins, and reticular veins. Come in for a further evaluation and contact us to arrange  your varicose veins appointment today.

Dr. Manish Taneja performing surgery

Varicose Veins Resources

Explore our varicose veins and spider veins resources for patients. Gain insight into the diagnosis and treatment of varicose and spider veins conditions, their underlying causes, symptoms, and complications. Connect with your vascular health.

Keep Varicose Veins and Spider Veins at Bay

If your legs feel sore persistently, achy when standing long periods, or maybe you notice blue or purple veins even bulging in the area, chances are these symptoms of varicose veins and spider veins could lead to other serious venous diseases such as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI), or Leg Swelling due to increased pressure forming larger blood clots over time. Varicose veins are fully treatable with minimally invasive procedures and treatments offering minimal downtime and quick recovery preventing further complications. Long term effects of untreated varicose veins can hinder your daily life and impact your health.

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic in Singapore is here to diagnose and treat varicose veins smoothening patients’ experience to find relief and comfort. As a vascular and interventional radiology specialist based in Singapore, Dr. Manish Taneja looks after a spectrum of venous diseases, peripheral vascular malformations, and peripheral arterial disease. Dr. Manish Taneja also has extensive experience in performing all vascular interventions, non-vascular interventions and interventional oncology procedures.

Other Health Conditions

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various conditions and treatments. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our varicose veins specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.