Cerebrovascular Health and Diseases

by | Jun 19, 2024

Discover expert care for cerebrovascular health and diseases at our specialized vascular clinic in Singapore. We offer advanced diagnostics, personalized treatments, and comprehensive support to manage conditions such as stroke, aneurysms, and more. Your brain and vascular health is our priority.

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Introduction to Cerebrovascular Health and Diseases 

Cerebrovascular disease includes several types of conditions that impact your brain and circulatory system by preventing blood from flowing properly. Here are some of the most important things to know about what cerebrovascular disease typically looks like, as well as how these conditions tend to affect Singaporean residents. 

Blood Flow to the Brain 

Your brain relies on receiving a consistent flow of blood to function properly, and disruptions to this blood supply can lead to a wide range of serious brain conditions. These issues, which include strokes, brain aneurysms, carotid stenosis, and several similar conditions, are collectively known as cerebrovascular disease. Most of these conditions affect your carotid arteries or vertebral arteries, although others can also be involved. Because losing blood flow for even a short amount of time can lead to death or lifelong disabilities, any type of cerebrovascular disease is considered to be a medical emergency.

Cerebrovascular Disease Statistics in Singapore 

Approximately 5.8 percent of Singapore’s population experienced at least one type of cerebrovascular disease in 2022, which dropped from approximately 6.1 percent in 2021. However, they tend to cause a higher percentage of deaths in Singapore than they do around the world, which means that understanding and taking steps to prevent these conditions is especially important for residents. Conditions that are classified as cerebrovascular disease are the second most common type of cardiovascular death in Singapore, in comparison to the fourth most common worldwide. These conditions typically cause around four deaths per day in Singapore.


Symptoms of Cerebrovascular Disease 

You may notice several signs that your brain is not receiving enough blood flow before cerebrovascular disease reaches its most serious point, but it is important to be aware that these symptoms can worsen rapidly and become very dangerous. Some common symptoms of cerebrovascular disease include:

  • Weakness or fainting
  • Balance problems
  • Vision or speaking problems
  • Paralysis, weakness, or reduced feeling on one side of your face or body
  • Delirium or difficulty thinking clearly
  • A sudden severe headache


Risk Factors for Cerebrovascular Disease 

Certain health conditions and other factors can increase your risk of developing cerebrovascular disease. Some of the most significant risk factors for these conditions include:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Certain congenital medical conditions
  • A traumatic brain injury
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Pregnancy


Types of Cerebrovascular Disease 

Cerebrovascular disease is a broad term that covers several types of brain conditions. Some of the most common varieties include:

  • Arteriovenous malformation, or AVM (tangled blood vessels that disrupt blood flow by incorrectly connecting veins and arteries)
  • Brain aneurysm (a bulge in a weak area of a blood vessel that disrupts blood flow by filling with blood)
  • Stroke (most common type of cerebrovascular disease)
  • Brain bleed (intercranial hemorrhage)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage (bleeding between your brain and the tissues that cover it)
  • Carotid stenosis (a blockage in or narrowing of your carotid artery)
  • Vascular malformations (blood vessels that do not develop properly, which can make them more prone to blood flow issues)
  • Venous angiomas (veins that are not formed properly)
  • Moyamoya disease (blocked arteries at the base of the brain)


Cerebrovascular Disease Diagnosis 

Diagnosing cerebrovascular disease generally starts with a physical exam and evaluation of your symptoms. Additional tests may then be used to confirm your physician’s suspicion of one of these conditions, including:


Cerebrovascular Disease Treatment Options 

The best treatment option for your condition generally depends on the severity of your symptoms, how long you have had them, and the specific type of cerebrovascular disease you have. In most cases, your doctor will recommend starting with one or more medications that can help to break up blockages and improve blood flow, with various types of surgery as backup options if surgery is unsuccessful. Some of the most common cerebrovascular disease treatment options include:



  • Blood thinners or blood pressure medications
  • Medications that lower blood sugar or cholesterol



  • Carotid angioplasty (opening your blocked or damaged artery using a catheter)
  • Carotid endarterectomy (removing a blockage by cutting your carotid artery)
  • Carotid stenting (using a stent to improve blood flow)
  • Catheter-directed mechanical thrombectomy (removing a blood clot from your artery using a catheter)


Preventing Cerebrovascular Disease 

Taking steps to improve your overall health can make a significant difference when it comes to reducing your risk of developing a cerebrovascular disease. Getting plenty of exercise, eating a healthy diet that is low in calories, fat, and salt, limiting alcohol consumption, and generally working toward reaching and maintaining a healthy weight can help most individuals avoid these conditions. Managing any related conditions you have, such as high blood pressure and certain heart conditions, can also help prevent cerebrovascular disease, as can quitting smoking and taking steps to reduce your stress levels.


Choose Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic for Quality Cerebrovascular Disease Management in Singapore 

At Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic, we recognize the importance of keeping patients informed about specific conditions that may affect them and steps they can take to prevent or manage those conditions. While these conditions are generally emergencies that should be managed in a hospital setting when they occur, Dr. Manish Taneja, our vascular specialist, is always available to provide information about how you may be able to reduce your risk of developing cerebrovascular disease or to help you work through the treatment and recovery process in Singapore. Contact us today to learn more about what to look for if you think you may be at risk for cerebrovascular disease or to schedule an appointment.

The Vascular System and Diseases

Discover the essentials of the vascular system, including its vital functions and structure, and explore common vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, aneurysms, and varicose veins.

Consult a Vascular Specialist in Singapore


From family and internal medicine to specialist, Dr. Manish Taneja is the best in the field. As a vascular and interventional radiology specialist, Dr Manish Taneja looks after peripheral vascular diseases, peripheral arterial diseases, aneurysms, dialysis interventions, and venous diseases. He is also competent in performing newer endovascular procedures such as uterine artery embolization, prostate artery embolization, genicular artery embolization, and erectile dysfunction interventions.

Dr. Manish Taneja also has extensive experience in performing all vascular interventions, non-vascular interventions and interventional oncology procedures.

Dr. Manish Taneja performing surgery

Other Health Conditions

The Supreme Vascular and Interventional Clinic is your “go-to” facility for various conditions and treatments. To arrange an appointment with Dr. Manish Taneja, our vascular specialist, contact us. You can also call us at (+65) 6904 8084 for a consultation.